More and more people decide to have their visual impairment treated by means of laser eye surgery. Lasik surgery is a proven procedure that has been used for 30 years to correct myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. Within a few minutes we can correct the curvature of the cornea so that the defective vision is compensated. Glasses or contact lenses are no longer necessary.
The term Lasik stands for "laser in situ keratomileusis". This is a laser procedure that was introduced in the 1990s. Today, Lasik surgery is still the most commonly used form of laser eye correction.
During Lasik surgery, the top layer of the cornea is flipped open like a lid. This is called a flap. In the next step, the exposed corneal tissue is sculpted with the excimer laser to give the cornea an optimal curvature. In this way, nearsightedness, farsightedness or corneal curvature can be compensated.
For a long time, the flap was prepared with a precision scalpel called a microkeratome. Nowadays, this step is performed with the femtosecond laser (Femto-Lasik). This infrared laser works much more precisely and gently than the surgeon would be able to do with a scalpel.
We offer Femto- Lasik surgery for patients with nearsightedness or farsightedness as well as corneal curvature. The following areas can be treated:
Before the Femto- Lasik operation, comprehensive preliminary examinations take place to make sure that there are no contraindications. For example, it is important that visual acuity is stable at the time of surgery. Eye diseases such as cataracts or keratoconus must also be ruled out.
The Femto-Lasik procedure can also be suitable for correcting presbyopia. Here, laser treatment is performed according to the monovision principle, in which one eye functions for distance vision and the partner eye for near vision after treatment, and reading glasses are no longer necessary.
Furthermore, in the case of presbyopia or very high refractive errors, clear lens exchange surgery (CLE) can also be performed. Here, the clear crystalline lens is removed and a multifocal lens is inserted.
Before the Femto- Lasik surgery, a detailed consultation takes place. We discuss with you the advantages and disadvantages of laser treatment as well as the possible alternatives. Preliminary examinations will determine whether you are suitable for laser eye surgery.
The operation itself is a short procedure lasting about 15 minutes. The actual laser eye surgery takes only a few seconds. Your eyes are first anesthetized with eye drops. Then, the surgeon fixes your eye with an eyelid holder to keep it open.
The femtosecond laser is now used to cut a fine lid, called a flap, into the cornea. This flap is folded back to expose deeper layers of the cornea. In the next step, the surgeon corrects the corneal curvature with the excimer laser. The entire treatment is completely painless for you.
Afterwards, the flap is folded back again and covers the treatment site like a natural plaster. The fine incisions heal by themselves in the following weeks. You are now allowed to recover from the treatment on our premises and can start your journey home the same day accompanied by an escort.
The visual defect is corrected immediately in the course of the Femto-Lasik operation, so that in principle you can see clearly immediately after the operation. However, vision may still be blurred for some time due to the eye drops. Most patients can already see sharply again a few hours after the Lasik operation. You will no longer need glasses or contact lenses from the time of laser treatment.
For the weeks after the Femto-Lasik surgery, the doctor will prescribe eye drops, which you should use conscientiously. On the day of treatment you should take it easy, but otherwise you are not restricted any further. You should refrain from sports, sauna and swimming pool visits for about a week.
In the days following laser eye surgery, you should not rub your eyes and be more careful when showering and washing. If shampoo or shower gel gets into the eye, you should rinse the eyes with wetting drops. Also, when applying cosmetics, the eye area should be avoided for a few days.
Already one day after the Femto-Lasik surgery we perform the first follow-up control. This will be followed by further check-ups, during which your new visual acuity will also be assessed.
Femto-Lasik surgery is usually performed without serious complications. As with any surgery, occasional infections can occur, but this is extremely rare.
One of the most common complaints after laser eye surgery is eye dryness. This can usually be treated well with wetting drops. Very rarely, cloudiness or unwanted light effects also occur.
If too much or too little cornea has been removed, over- or under-correction may occur. In this case, a subsequent correction may be necessary. Incorrect corrections can best be avoided by entrusting yourself to a surgeon with many years of experience in Lasik surgery.